Bottomland hardwood forests are found along the Mississippi River and throughout the state along other rivers and streams. The largest patches cover 50,000 to 100,000 acres and are found in the Mississippi Delta and along the Pascagoula and Pearl rivers. Bottomland hardwood forests cover nearly 7 percent of the state’s land area, or about 2 million acres. Seasonally flooded forests cover another 600,000 acres in the state.


  • Conservation easements, acquisition and restoration through Wetlands Reserve Easements, the Conservation Reserve Program, Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program and the Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program.
  • A majority of conservation work on bottomland hardwoods and wetlands is in the Mississippi Delta, with projects also along rivers and streams such as the Buttahatchie River, Coldwater River, Pearl River, Wolf River, Bayou Pierre, Bull Mountain Creek and others.
  • Management of moist-soil areas to provide habitat for waterfowl, shorebirds and other migratory birds.
  • Participation in the regional Lower Mississippi River Batture Reforestation Project, a joint effort of the Mississippi River Trust, Lower Mississippi River Conservation Committee and Natural Resources Conservation Service.
  • Development of incentives for private landowners to protect, restore and enhance bottomland hardwoods and wetlands.


White-tailed deer, wild turkey, squirrels, rabbits, barred owl, prothonotary warbler, pileated woodpecker, wood duck and mallard.


Louisiana black bear, wood stork, swallow-tailed kite, cerulean warbler, Swainson’s warbler, rusty blackbird, various bats, blackmouth shiner, backwater darter, one-toed amphiuma and river frog.


  • Larger bottomland forest tracts, particularly those in the active floodplain of the Mississippi River, support increasing populations of black bear. Forest corridors along the Mississippi and other rivers and streams are important for migrating and nesting songbirds and various wading birds. OIder forests are critical habitat for many bat species.
  • Hunting, fishing and wildlife watching opportunities abound. Mississippi’s bottomland forests support some of the nation’s best hunting for white-tailed deer, wild turkey and wintering ducks. Concentrations of wading birds such as egrets, herons, wood stork, white ibis and roseate spoonbill make for spectacular birding opportunities. Migrating and nesting songbirds also provide great birding opportunities.
  • Bottomland hardwood forests and wetlands, particularly those along rivers and streams, filter nutrients and other water pollutants.